What is cancer?

Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs.

Cancer sometimes begins in one part of the body before spreading to other areas. This process is known as metastasis. More information about cancer can be found on the NHS website.

Types of cancer

In the UK, 1 in 2 people will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime. In the UK, the 4 most common types of cancer are lung, prostate, bowel and breast cancer. Information regarding symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, management and prevention of these cancers is available at the following websites:

Breast cancer

Lung cancer

Bowel cancer

Prostate cancer

Other cancers

Information on other types of cancers is available at Cancer Research UK.

The sooner a diagnosis can be made and right treatments started, the better the chances of beating the cancer. It is important to be regularly tested for cancer, particularly if there is a family history of cancer in the family or if risk factors are high.

For cancer testing information, visit the Cancer screening page. To help reduce the risk factors of developing cancer or to get involved in local cancer related services, please visit the Reducing the risk of cancer page.